What timber is used in construction?

Hardwood is typically heavier and denser than softwood and is usually utilised for construction of walls, ceilings and floors. The highest possible grade of hardwood contains 83% usable material on one face and is suitable for high-quality furnishings, solid wood mouldings and interior joinery.

What is the most common wood used in construction?

Hardwoods are commonly used in the construction of walls, ceilings and floors, while softwoods are often used to make doors, furniture and window frames. Some examples of the most popular hardwoods include oak, maple, mahogany, cherry, walnut, and teak.

What are the 3 types of timber?

Types of timber

  • Bamboo.
  • Birch.
  • Cane.
  • Cedar.
  • Cherry.
  • Cross-laminated timber.
  • Engineered bamboo.
  • Glulam.

How many types of timber are used for construction purpose?

Timber can be classified into two categories – hardwoods and softwoods.

What is timber and its types?

Timber is a type of wood which has been processed into beams and planks. It is also known as “ lumber ” in US and Canada. Basically, timber or Lumber is a wood or firewood of growing trees. Any wood capable of yielding a minimum dimensional size can be termed as a timber or lumber.

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What are the disadvantages of timber?


  • As timber is natural and cellular it moves with changes in climatic conditions.
  • Most timbers are prone to pest, rot, mold and fungi attacks, some are far better than others but they both require a minimum of LOSP or ACQ treatments for outdoor structures.
  • Timbers tend to silver or look old if left natural and unpainted.

What is the most expensive wood?

Most Expensive Woods in the World

  • Lignum Vitae is native to the Caribbean and north of South America.
  • Topping the list of most expensive woods in the world is Bocote, a flowering plant from the borage family that is mostly found in Mexico, Central and South America.

What are the two main types of lumber?

There are two general categories of lumber: hardwoods and softwoods. Hardwood lumber is made from deciduous trees, whereas softwood lumber is made from coniferous trees. Lumber grade is typically determined by the surface of the wood and the number of knots present.

What is the most common type of wood?

Oak. Oak is one of the most used woods for furniture. Available in two varieties — red and white — oak is strong (hardness of about 4 on a scale of 1 to 5) and easy to work with. White oak is preferred for furniture-making because it has a more attractive figure than red oak.

What is the strongest timber?

Top 10 Hardest Woods in The World

  • Schinopsis brasiliensis – 4,800 IBF.
  • Schinopsis balansae – 4,570 IBF.
  • Lignum vitae – 4,500 IBF.
  • Piptadenia Macrocarpa – 3,840 IBF.
  • Brazilian Olivewood – 3,700 IBF.
  • Brazilian Ebony – 3,692 IBF.
  • Brazilian Walnut – 3,684 IBF.
  • African Pearwood – 3,680 IBF.
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What are the three main directions of timber?

In the paper, the MOE is studied for all three orthotropic directions of timber, i.e. longitudinal, radial and tangential.

What is the best timber?

The 7 best timbers for decking

  • Treated pine. Nothing beats the look of natural timber.
  • Jarrah. Some homeowners won’t settle for anything less than jarrah.
  • Blackbutt. Blackbutt is another highly fire resistant timber.
  • Spotted Gum. Spotted gum, like jarrah and blackbutt, is a good choice for bushfire prone areas.
  • Merbau.
  • Stringybark.
  • Ironbark.

What are the 4 categories of timber?

4 Types of Wood Used for Timber Frames

  • Douglas Fir. This softwood is known for its structural strength, straight grain and minimal checking (wood fiber separation).
  • Eastern White Pine. One of the less-expensive species, it’s a softwood that tends to check when it dries, giving it a more rustic appearance.
  • White Oak.
  • Bald Cypress (Red & Yellow)

What is most timber used for?

Timber is a valued natural resource that serves directly as a material for use in construction, paper manufacturing, specialty wood products such as furniture, and as a fuel source.

What is timber and its advantages?

Timber is a remarkably a versatile material. Timber is used as a construction material because of its fire resistance, good structural characteristics, insulating properties and moreover, it is economically feasible.

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